- On June 28, Archduke of Austria Franz Ferdinand and his wife, Duchess Sophie, were assassinated by Serb nationalist, Gavrilo Princip.
- On July 28, Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia after it failed to meet the conditions of an ultimatum Austria-Hungary set following Archduke Ferdinand's assassination -- beginning World War I.
- Babe Ruth made his major league debut with the Red Sox.
- Pope Benedict XV becomes the 258th Pope, succeeding Pope Pius X.
- The Federal Reserve Bank of the U.S. opens.
- Billy Graham was born on November 7, 1914.
- Joe Dimaggio was born on November 25, 1914.
- Suffragists were fighting for the women's right to vote in the U.S.
- Anchorage, AL, is founded to serve as headquarters of the 538-mile Alaska Railroad that was being built from Seward north to Fairbanks, which won't be completed until 1923.
- Threats of labor troubles lead Henry Ford to offer workers a minimum wage of $5 per day—more than twice the average U.S. wage. Thousands rush to accept his offer, but learn that Ford will pay only $2.60 per day, plus a $2.40 per day bonus to be paid if a worker remains for 1 year. Applicants must not smoke or drink, must learn English (Ford set up schools for the purpose), become U.S. citizens and open bank accounts.
- The Panama Canal opens to traffic on August 3.
- The U.S. has roughly 1 million automobiles, but fewer than 100,000 trucks -- most of them delivery vans.
- Greyhound Lines was founded in Hibbing, MN.
- The world's first red-green electric traffic light started directing traffic in Cleveland, OH.
- Physicist Henry G. F. Moseley publishes a paper in which he concludes correctly that there are only 92 elements up to and including uranium and 14 rare-earth elements. He errs slightly by saying there are only three unknown elements between aluminum and gold (there are actually four).
- New York City's overcrowded schools turn away 60,000 to 75,000 children each year for lack of space.
- President Wilson proclaims the first national Mother's Day
- Doublemint chewing gum is introduced by William Wrigley Jr.
- The term "birth control" is coined by International Workers of the World (IWW) organizer Margaret Sanger.
Friday, October 5, 2007
Happy Birthday, Grandma!
My grandma turned 93 years old today. Pretty impressive, huh? I thought it'd be kind of interesting to research what happened in the year she was born, 1914. Here's what I found out...